Like dying and taxes, speed and agility training in high temperatures is unavoidable in most parts of the planet. It is crucial that you be familiar with recognizing, preventing and treating heat illnesses. It is also vital that you are aware of the warning signs of heat-related illness which can be in the form of elevated body temperature, cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke. Whether you are doing strength training workouts as a coach, parent or player, you want to be cognizant of how serious this illness can be. In fact heat sickness can dangerous for everyone and the most dangerous to children. This is reliant on the intensiveness of the condition and age of the athlete. Athletes experience heat illness when their bodies are unable to offset and properly cool themselves.
Symptoms of Heat-related illnesses:
Dehydration -might include thirst, less-frequent urination, dry skin, weariness, light-headedness, dizziness, dry mouth and mucous membranes, increased heart rate and breathing
Heat exhaustion – can encompass dehydration, fatigue, weakness, clammy skin, headache, sickness and/or regurgitation, quick breathing, irritability, weak pulse, dilated pupils, disorientation
Heat stroke – possible headache, wooziness, disorientation, agitation or discombobulation, sluggishness, seizure , coma or death
Treatment For mild cases of heat exhaustion:
- Move to a cool shady area
- Hydrate with plenty of cool fluids such as water or sports drinks
- Do not drink beverages containing alcohol or caffeine
- Loosen or remove clothing
Treatment For Heat Stroke:
- Call 911 immediately
- Move the person to a cool bath of water if conscious and can be attended continuously, otherwise, apply cool tepid water to the skin
- Place ice packs in the armpits and groin area
- If conscious and can tolerate, administer fluids by mouth
- Be aware that temperatures over 85 degrees are conditions favorable to heat illness
- Make certain you are acclimated to the temperature, no heavy work on the first few days of high heat
- Make certain there are enough of fluids on hand for hydrating, preferably H2O (no caffeine or carbonation)
- Rest repeatedly Athletes should wear loose and “sweat absorbable” clothing
- Work out in cooler parts of the day, as morning or early evening
- Snacks must be gently salted
In abstract, whether you, your athletes, or your children are doing strength training workouts, know to be cautious, especially when the heat is ON.
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